Por Monash University - 11 de julho de 2020 O problema da escassez global de…
The head of UN Environment Erik Solheim, pictured, has called on people to pay attention to science and accept the health risks of plastic
Erik Solheim, chefe da ONU para o Meio Ambiente, pediu ação contra uma pandemia de plástico.
Segue investigação que revelou quanto plástico há no ar do Reino Unido.
Michael Gove, secretário do Meio Ambiente, disse que está determinado a resolver o problema.
UN chief calls for action against the ‘plastic pandemic’ following Mail’s shock investigation
Erik Solheim, head of UN Environment, has called for action on plastic pandemic
Follows investigation that revealed how much plastic there is in the air in the UK
Michael Gove, Environment secretary, said that he is determined to tackle issue
The United Nations, Environment Secretary, MPs and health campaigners last night called for action against the ‘plastic pandemic’ following a Daily Mail investigation.
Tiny particles of plastic are present in the air, contaminating the food we eat and the air we breathe, this newspaper revealed yesterday.
Fish fillet samples from eight stores were tested and all revealed worrying levels of plastic exposure.
Scientists behind the research said this was evidence that microplastics are all around us. It is the latest damning indictment of modern society’s reliance on plastic when its damaging effects are still unknown.
The Mail’s research follows ten years of campaigning against plastic, which was praised by the UN last year.
Yesterday Erik Solheim, head of UN Environment, said: ‘This Daily Mail investigation is yet more shocking but important evidence of the global scale of plastic pollution.
‘It’s high time for people to pay attention to the science and accept that we simply cannot afford to continue with this carefree attitude to polluting our water and the air we breathe. We still don’t know nearly enough about the potential health risks of plastics pollution, although this is fast becoming an area of high priority research because of the sheer scale of the problem. Still, common sense dictates that inaction is not an option.’
Last night Environment Secretary Michael Gove said: ‘The findings of the Mail’s investigation are deeply disturbing. I will be examining them very carefully. I remain determined to tackle plastic pollution.’
Environment minister Therese Coffey added: ‘While the basis and conclusions of this study need to be considered more in detail, we are clear we need to protect our precious planet from the scourge of plastic waste and honouring our pledge to leave our natural world in a better state than we inherited it across land, sea and air.
‘That is why we are driving global action and leading by example including introducing one of the world’s toughest bans on plastic microbeads and taking nine billion plastic bags out of circulation with our 5p carrier bag charge.’
The UN, pressure groups and the government have pledged to take action to tackle the plastic pandemic following a Daily Mail investigation
Experts warn ingesting plastic particles can affect lungs, kidneys and hormones. They can even travel from the intestines to a mother-to-be’s placenta.
Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer, has warned of ‘unquantified’ health consequences of microplastics while leading scientists have called for urgent further research.
Last week, four Commons select committees demanded a new Clean Air Act and an end to Britain’s ‘poisonous air’.
Tory MP Neil Parish, chairman of the environment, food and rural affairs committee, said it was ‘deeply concerning’ that airborne microplastics may pose a risk to public health.
‘The latest revelations underscore the importance of joining up action across sectors and Government departments,’ he said. ‘There is an urgent need for further studies on the prevalence and health impacts of airborne microplastics.’
Labour MP Mary Creagh, chairman of the environmental audit committee, said: ‘These worrying findings by the Daily Mail show the urgent need to act. It is not enough for ministers to give up plastics for Lent, we need policy not piety to turn back the plastic tide.’
A potential health effect of ingesting microplastics is lung damage as tiny particles can lodge deep inside them without disintegrating for weeks.
Alison Cook, director of policy at the British Lung Foundation, called for ‘an ambitious Clean Air Act without delay’. She added: ‘The Mail has revealed the potential threat of microplastics in the air.’
Julian Kirby, for Friends of the Earth, said ‘a phase-out of all but the safest, most essential plastics’ was needed to stop the particles getting into waterways and the air. Apolline Roger, of green lawyers Client Earth, said: ‘Single-use and unnecessary plastics need to be banned.’
The particles found in the Mail’s research were 0.25mm to 1mm long and mainly fibres from textiles used in clothing, carpets or furniture.
Most of our food ‘is contaminated’
Most of the food we eat and drink is likely to be contaminated with microplastics, leading scientists warned last night.
Dr Andrew Mayes, of the University of East Anglia, said: ‘It shouldn’t be a surprise to people that everything they eat, drink, touch, is contaminated with tiny particles.’
Plastic had been seen as a ‘wonderful new product’ but only after years of extensive use ‘did it begin to dawn on people that it was the tip of an environmental disaster iceberg’, he added.
Dr Natalie Welden, who led the Mail’s research, said although airborne microplastics have been shown to affect items displayed on counters, processed food could be even more at risk. Each stage of the production process could lead to the fragments being trapped in the food, she added.
‘Generally it’s going to be something that, whether at the supermarket or in your home, it’s something that’s very difficult to control,’ said Dr Welden.
Dr Mayes helped devise a study for the World Health Organisation which found microplastics in bottled water.
He said this was ‘just the start’, adding: ‘If we look at other food and drink sources, I would expect to find similar results. We don’t know what we’ve done to ourselves.’
Boletim do Instituto IDEAIS de 27 de março de 2018